Rudaw: Italian Researcher Says Time for Kurdish Independence in Iraq
Di seguito l’intervista rilasciata al quotidiano kurdo-iracheno Rudaw, in merito alla possibile indipendenza del Kurdistan.
ERBIL, Iraqi Kurdistan: As the Arab parties of Iraq are deadlocked over the formation of a new government, an Italian researcher suggests that time for an independent Kurdistan has come here in the north of Iraq.
Luca Bellusci, Italian freelance researcher working for the Italian Center of Turkish Studies, argues that if the Kurds do not take advantage of Iraq’s situation now, the prospect of an independent Kurdistan will be more difficult in the future once the Arab parties settle their differences.
“I believe that Kurdistan Regional Government should start pressuring Baghdad in order to secede,” said Bellusci.
Barcelona, July 19th – 24th 2010
Paper presenter: Luca Bellusci (Freelancer, Italian Center of Turkish Studies), “Iraqi Kurdistan: the Possible Raise of a New State on Ethnic Identity” — The Middle East has always been the scene of ethnic and religious clashes. After the First World War, and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the region has undergone a radical transformation through the creation of new borders and the installation of governments with poor organisational skills and control. In this context, after the Treaty of Lausanne, the populations of Kurdish ethnicity were relocated into areas belonging to new state entities which soon developed a corresponding national identity thanks to the contribution and influence of Western countries like France and England. This has caused a rupture of the fragile ethnic balance in the region. The Kurdish society has always been characterised by a tribal and nomadic system, with less contact and influence from the outsiders, much like the feudal system. Consequently it has never had the need to develop a modern system of government, failing to achieve a relative national identity connotation. The U.S. intervention in Iraq during the second Gulf War has redefined the balance between the various ethnic groups in the region, giving the Kurds a key geopolitical role. Iraqi Kurdistan, in particular, since 2003, begun a process of evolution towards the creation of a strong national identity, even though bounded by the Iraqi government’s federal system. The paper attempts a definition of the role of Iraqi Kurdistan and of the increasing importance of this area; it also calls for the realistic chance of Iraqi Kurdistan to become an independent state that is directly affecting the relations of relevant regional players such as Turkey, Syria and Iran. Finally, it also aims to describe the opportunities and capabilities of the Kurdish communities in these three countries, which for the first time are working jointly to restore a balance of power on an ethnic basis, contrary to what the Western countries were unable to achieve during the creation of modern states in the Middle East.
Ospiti della puntata:
- Luca Bellusci, giornalista free lance e analista presso il Centro Italiano per gli Studi Turchi.
- Valentina Brinis, dell’associazione A Buon Diritto
- Fulvio Vassallo Paleologo, docente di Diritto d’Asilo presso l’ Università di Palermo
- Said Chaitou, Lebanese Laïque Pride
- Manuele Bonaccorsi, giornalista di Left ed autore di “Potere assoluto, la protezione civile ai tempi di Bertolaso“.
Torniamo poi a seguire il processo di riforma costituzionale Turco con le proposte avanzate dall’AKP, partito di governo del premier Erdogan. L’opposizione parla di svolta autoritaria mentre la maggioranza rivendica l’iniziativa come portatrice di maggiore garanzie di libertà e democrazia. Nei giorni scorsi ha preso il via il dibattito parlamentare e la tensione su questi temi è cresciuta. La riforma della costituzione per certi versi risponde alla necessità di adeguare il proprio ordinamento ai parametri europei, riconducendo sotto il controllo del parlamento importanti organi, togliendo peso al ruolo dell’esercito, centrale dopo il colpo di stato dell’82 e determinando maggiori libertà politiche.